Food for Thought: Food Industry Innovation 2019

Nicholas Hill, Plextek

By: Nicholas Hill
CEO

4th April 2019

6 minute read

Home » Event

Food Industry Innovation 2019 was both stimulating and thought provoking. Organised by Innovate UK, it was a mixture of presentations, audience polls, pitch sessions and exhibitions by start-ups, and covered everything from novel food science and manufacturing engineering through to the future of supply and distribution. Some themes kept recurring throughout the day, both from presenters and audience polls, and I thought it would be interesting to look at some of these.

A poll covering top trends in food product development had ‘sustainable packaging’, ‘plant-based/vegan foods’, ‘free from foods’ and ‘personalised food/nutrition’ in top place, in that order.

Sustainable Packaging

It’s hardly surprising that sustainable packaging is top of the agenda, with a newly found mass consumer awareness of the environmental crisis that waste plastic has created. There’s a lot of interest in alternative (e.g. bio-degradable) plastics. In their favour they would permit a ‘business as usual’ approach, allowing manufacturers to continue to use the same volume of plastic packaging but making disposal more practical. However, plastics that retain all their functionality while storing food or drink while degrading rapidly and safely in the environment are still a good way off.

Take cPPA for example, which has been known for decades to depolymerise rapidly on demand. The trick that is still being perfected is how to prevent it from degrading while still in use, under the full range of environmental conditions. Other work is looking at catalytic methods to rapidly break down plastics that are in common use already, such as PET. And even when the science has provided the techniques that we need, actually recycling or composting the current volumes of plastic packaging would require a massive change to the current localised, ad hoc approach to recycling that we have in the UK.

It was somewhat alarming to hear one supermarket representative make an appeal for other industries to take the hit on reducing packaging waste. The argument was that the hygiene requirements in the food industry gave them a greater justification to use packaging than other industries, and holding up the toy industry as an example of a less worthy case. I don’t know about you, but I’d estimate that food packaging makes up at least 90% of the waste in my recycle bin each week.

The two most obvious approaches that can be implemented in the short term are reducing the use of plastic packaging at source and encouraging greater return of plastic packaging by consumers for reuse or recycling. Both of these require government intervention to push the problem back on the companies that are putting the plastic on to the market, for example by taxing or regulating the use of disposable plastic, or by encouraging reuse and recycling by enforcing deposit-return schemes. It is good to see that the government is starting to take action on the latter.

Diet-Driven Foods

To see the development of plant-based foods rated by the audience as the second most important trend was music to my ears. Having lived a meat-free diet for almost thirty years, seeing the dramatic rise in interest in plant-based and vegan diets in the past year or so has been rather astonishing. Whereas the traditional motivation for non-meat diets came from animal welfare concerns, it seems that the current trend is being driven by awareness of the health benefits of a plant-based diet and of the environmental destruction caused by livestock farming. Whereas in the past the vegan consumer has been served exclusively by niche suppliers, the mainstream food industry has finally engaged with this market. I would expect this to create a welcome increase in innovation in the area, due to the size of research budgets at the disposal of the mainstream producers and the untapped potential in the market. If you’re reading this, someone please come up with a vegan cheese that really tastes like mature cheddar!

Somewhat related to the former topic is the rise in provision of ‘free from’ ranges of food. If vegetarians and vegans have had a hard time in the past finding acceptable food, people with dietary intolerances have had at least as great a struggle. It’s great news that ‘free from’ is also gradually moving into the mainstream, and likewise the engagement by the major manufacturers must aid rapid innovation leading to more appealing products and greater choice.

Personalised Nutrition

At fourth place in this list of trends was personalised food/nutrition. There was an interesting mix of ideas about what this might mean. From the online shopping perspective, this could be just increasing the intelligence of the virtual grocer that helps suggest foods that you might like; eventually, it might be a match for the real local grocers we used to have before the supermarkets took over. A proponent of wearables technology suggested that fitness trackers and smartphones could be making dietary suggestions based on activity or other deductions about lifestyle, and then ordering appropriate groceries or meals for you. Something like: “no pizza for you this evening as I see you skipped your scheduled run”. Into this mix was added the idea of using genetic profiling to identify foods that might be compatible, or not, with a particular individual.

Another section of the conference was looking at technologies that might have the biggest impact on manufacturing efficiency. While many of the identified technologies were predictable: automation, AI, big data, robotics, blockchain, some of the applications were interesting.

Supply Chain Traceability

A theme that caught my attention was traceability in the supply chain. I hadn’t realised what a huge issue tracking the provenance of food as it passes through the complex supply chain is. If I purchase some organic tomato soup, someone needs to be able to check that the original tomatoes were organic, that the same tomatoes made it to the soup factory, and through the factory’s many processes, that the resulting soup made it to the warehouse, and finally to the supermarket shelf. Blockchain technology was presented as the foundation for creating a distributed ledger that allowed multiple parties to track to provenance and progress of an item as it passed through the supply chain. In addition to the basic benefits of provenance checking, health and safety benefits due to the ability to organise swift and accurate product recalls were highlighted.

This is a really useful deployment of modern technology to an old problem. Its principal limitation is of course that you are only really following the provenance of the label that was attached to the tomatoes in the example used or the box they were in. You’d currently have no way of knowing if they were switched out for alternative products bearing the original labelling. Embedding RFID tags into our food is clearly a non-starter, so further technology would be needed to provide non-invasive scanning of food items to backup their provenance claims. There are plenty of chemical and optical detection solutions in existence to identify types of fruit (a Granny Smith from a Golden Delicious), or ripeness or damage to items. To detect pesticide residues on supposedly organic products, or prove that the country or region of origin is as claimed on the label, we’d need sophisticated sensing technology in small packages and at low cost – this appears to be coming, but we’re not there yet.

Visions of the Future

A lot of the drive for automation is coming from the desire for increased productivity, and the grandest vision presented painted a picture of a field-to-table manufacturing and supply chain that had no human involvement at all, with robotic harvesting, shipping, sorting, warehousing and delivery, all driven by vast amounts of AI. On the plus side, this would certainly be great for productivity. It would also allow for a great degree of customisation and tailoring to each end customer, with the economies of scale and sophistication needed to deliver bespoke products on demand. And perhaps this technology would be an enabler for another trend – the growth in desire for artisan foods. There’s a move to the simplicity of ‘homemade’ values and away from mass-market, highly processed foods. What’s needed to support this are ways of making artisan goods without the labour intensive processes traditionally required. Proponents of robotics and AI would claim to have the answer.

On the other hand, food isn’t just another consumer product. We have a much more basic, emotional connection with food than anything else we buy. Millions of years of evolution have given us a sensory system that allow us to assess, judge and select the food we eat. Fresh food is a complete multi-sensory experience – we can see it, smell it, touch it, feel it, taste it, and sometimes even hear it. Boxing in a person behind a computer screen so that purchasing decisions are made using only one sense – our eyesight – surely sanitises and diminishes the experience. Can technology ever replace the human experience of the classic fresh food market? There’s a challenge.

Food Industry Innovation 2019 was both stimulating and thought provoking. Organised by Innovate UK, it was a mixture of presentations, audience polls, pitch sessions and exhibitions by start-ups, and covered everything from novel food science and manufacturing engineering through to the future of supply and distribution. Some themes kept recurring throughout the day, both from presenters and audience polls, and I thought it would be interesting to look at some of these.

A poll covering top trends in food product development had ‘sustainable packaging’, ‘plant-based/vegan foods’, ‘free from foods’ and ‘personalised food/nutrition’ in top place, in that order.

Sustainable Packaging

It’s hardly surprising that sustainable packaging is top of the agenda, with a newly found mass consumer awareness of the environmental crisis that waste plastic has created. There’s a lot of interest in alternative (e.g. bio-degradable) plastics. In their favour they would permit a ‘business as usual’ approach, allowing manufacturers to continue to use the same volume of plastic packaging but making disposal more practical. However, plastics that retain all their functionality while storing food or drink while degrading rapidly and safely in the environment are still a good way off.

Take cPPA for example, which has been known for decades to depolymerise rapidly on demand. The trick that is still being perfected is how to prevent it from degrading while still in use, under the full range of environmental conditions. Other work is looking at catalytic methods to rapidly break down plastics that are in common use already, such as PET. And even when the science has provided the techniques that we need, actually recycling or composting the current volumes of plastic packaging would require a massive change to the current localised, ad hoc approach to recycling that we have in the UK.

It was somewhat alarming to hear one supermarket representative make an appeal for other industries to take the hit on reducing packaging waste. The argument was that the hygiene requirements in the food industry gave them a greater justification to use packaging than other industries, and holding up the toy industry as an example of a less worthy case. I don’t know about you, but I’d estimate that food packaging makes up at least 90% of the waste in my recycle bin each week.

The two most obvious approaches that can be implemented in the short term are reducing the use of plastic packaging at source and encouraging greater return of plastic packaging by consumers for reuse or recycling. Both of these require government intervention to push the problem back on the companies that are putting the plastic on to the market, for example by taxing or regulating the use of disposable plastic, or by encouraging reuse and recycling by enforcing deposit-return schemes. It is good to see that the government is starting to take action on the latter.

Diet-Driven Foods

To see the development of plant-based foods rated by the audience as the second most important trend was music to my ears. Having lived a meat-free diet for almost thirty years, seeing the dramatic rise in interest in plant-based and vegan diets in the past year or so has been rather astonishing. Whereas the traditional motivation for non-meat diets came from animal welfare concerns, it seems that the current trend is being driven by awareness of the health benefits of a plant-based diet and of the environmental destruction caused by livestock farming. Whereas in the past the vegan consumer has been served exclusively by niche suppliers, the mainstream food industry has finally engaged with this market. I would expect this to create a welcome increase in innovation in the area, due to the size of research budgets at the disposal of the mainstream producers and the untapped potential in the market. If you’re reading this, someone please come up with a vegan cheese that really tastes like mature cheddar!

Somewhat related to the former topic is the rise in provision of ‘free from’ ranges of food. If vegetarians and vegans have had a hard time in the past finding acceptable food, people with dietary intolerances have had at least as great a struggle. It’s great news that ‘free from’ is also gradually moving into the mainstream, and likewise the engagement by the major manufacturers must aid rapid innovation leading to more appealing products and greater choice.

Personalised Nutrition

At fourth place in this list of trends was personalised food/nutrition. There was an interesting mix of ideas about what this might mean. From the online shopping perspective, this could be just increasing the intelligence of the virtual grocer that helps suggest foods that you might like; eventually, it might be a match for the real local grocers we used to have before the supermarkets took over. A proponent of wearables technology suggested that fitness trackers and smartphones could be making dietary suggestions based on activity or other deductions about lifestyle, and then ordering appropriate groceries or meals for you. Something like: “no pizza for you this evening as I see you skipped your scheduled run”. Into this mix was added the idea of using genetic profiling to identify foods that might be compatible, or not, with a particular individual.

Another section of the conference was looking at technologies that might have the biggest impact on manufacturing efficiency. While many of the identified technologies were predictable: automation, AI, big data, robotics, blockchain, some of the applications were interesting.

Supply Chain Traceability

A theme that caught my attention was traceability in the supply chain. I hadn’t realised what a huge issue tracking the provenance of food as it passes through the complex supply chain is. If I purchase some organic tomato soup, someone needs to be able to check that the original tomatoes were organic, that the same tomatoes made it to the soup factory, and through the factory’s many processes, that the resulting soup made it to the warehouse, and finally to the supermarket shelf. Blockchain technology was presented as the foundation for creating a distributed ledger that allowed multiple parties to track to provenance and progress of an item as it passed through the supply chain. In addition to the basic benefits of provenance checking, health and safety benefits due to the ability to organise swift and accurate product recalls were highlighted.

This is a really useful deployment of modern technology to an old problem. Its principal limitation is of course that you are only really following the provenance of the label that was attached to the tomatoes in the example used or the box they were in. You’d currently have no way of knowing if they were switched out for alternative products bearing the original labelling. Embedding RFID tags into our food is clearly a non-starter, so further technology would be needed to provide non-invasive scanning of food items to backup their provenance claims. There are plenty of chemical and optical detection solutions in existence to identify types of fruit (a Granny Smith from a Golden Delicious), or ripeness or damage to items. To detect pesticide residues on supposedly organic products, or prove that the country or region of origin is as claimed on the label, we’d need sophisticated sensing technology in small packages and at low cost – this appears to be coming, but we’re not there yet.

Visions of the Future

A lot of the drive for automation is coming from the desire for increased productivity, and the grandest vision presented painted a picture of a field-to-table manufacturing and supply chain that had no human involvement at all, with robotic harvesting, shipping, sorting, warehousing and delivery, all driven by vast amounts of AI. On the plus side, this would certainly be great for productivity. It would also allow for a great degree of customisation and tailoring to each end customer, with the economies of scale and sophistication needed to deliver bespoke products on demand. And perhaps this technology would be an enabler for another trend – the growth in desire for artisan foods. There’s a move to the simplicity of ‘home made’ values and away from mass-market, highly processed foods. What’s needed to support this are ways of making artisan goods without the labour intensive processes traditionally required. Proponents of robotics and AI would claim to have the answer.

On the other hand, food isn’t just another consumer product. We have a much more basic, emotional connection with food than anything else we buy. Millions of years of evolution have given us a sensory system that allow us to assess, judge and select the food we eat. Fresh food is a complete multi-sensory experience – we can see it, smell it, touch it, feel it, taste it, and sometimes even hear it. Boxing in a person behind a computer screen so that purchasing decisions are made using only one sense – our eyesight – surely sanitises and diminishes the experience. Can technology ever replace the human experience of the classic fresh food market? There’s a challenge.

Conversation, Propagation and Good Vibrations

Conversation, Propagation and Good Vibrations

Marcus Walden - Technical Lead, Antennas and Propagation

By: Marcus C. Walden
Technical Lead, Antennas and Propagation

13th September 2017

Home » Event

During the summer, I went away on a trip to the USA and came back buzzing. My week away from the office was intense and it was a great experience but I wasn’t on holiday. This was work!

I’d flown to San Diego in order to attend this year’s IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (pictured above) and my reason for being there was to present two technical papers that I’d written and submitted about nine months earlier. After 5,478 miles and about eleven and a half hours flying time, I was ready to deliver my two ‘babies’ to the antennas and propagation community and hopefully make a small contribution to the ‘book of knowledge’.

You don’t have to write technical papers to attend conferences. There are a number of good reasons to participate including networking, sales and marketing and even self-training. The social events can be fun as well – imagine a dessert reception on the flight deck of an aircraft carrier and throw in some fireworks too!

Attending a conference can be a daunting experience, especially if it’s your first time and perhaps more so if it’s a large event. The IEEE Antennas and Propagation Symposium typically attracts about 1,500 people from around the world. Attendees come from academia and industry; they might be young Ph.D. students, established university professors or professional engineers – a variety of people at different stages of their career.

At my first-ever symposium, I only knew one person to say hello to. The big names in the crowd were obvious – keeping up-to-date by reading technical articles and engineering books makes you aware of the ‘movers and shakers’ in your subject field – but I felt like a little fish in a vast ocean. I could have been the wallflower at the party but I made the conscious decision to talk to people and come back with a stack of business cards. Evidence to show my MD that I had been busy and maybe justification for him to sign off my expenses bill on my return to the office.

Conferences are great networking events. You get to meet people; some have familiar faces and others are new. These new contacts might lead on to future activities; for example, new research topics to explore, academic and/or business collaborations or an important sale or purchase. These activities might be fairly immediate but more often than not they occur in slow time. It’s an investment for the future.

At the end of my first symposium, my one contact had become many. I had been introduced to new people but I also made the effort to approach others. I had technical and/or business-related questions to ask and the coffee and lunch breaks at conferences allow discussions in more relaxed settings. It can be nerve-wracking to ask a question in front of a large audience and a one-to-one chat can be much more fruitful.

The main purpose of my trip to San Diego was to present two technical papers. The first was given in a twenty-minute slot, which included time for questions. I always get butterflies before a talk, so I practice beforehand until I feel comfortable with my words – I liken it to rehearsing for a school play. Awkward questions can be the stuff of nightmares for a speaker, so I try to critique my own presentation from the viewer’s perspective and imagine what questions they might have. On the day, it can help to have some quiet time to relax and water close by can soothe the dry throat should it appear during the talk.

So why would anyone voluntarily put themselves in this stressful position? If the talk is well-delivered and more so if it is well-received by the audience, there can be an immense adrenaline rush. People approach you after the talk – more networking and new contacts. Feedback can be beneficial; both positive and negative with the latter hopefully given in a constructive manner from which you can develop.

If the thought of talking in front of a technical audience is terrifying – my first-ever antennas and propagation talk was at a session with standing-room only – then a poster presentation might be more comfortable. Discussions in front of your poster are usually led by the interests of the visitor but the subsequent one-to-one interactions can be very informative for both parties. My second paper in San Diego was given as a poster presentation and I really enjoyed the experience. You can also find a few more of my papers in the Antennas & Propagation segment of this website.

Presenting at a conference can generate publicity for you and your company. It can raise the profile of your organisation and its capabilities become more visible to the outside world. As a consequence the sales process benefits. Frequently, a job – or research contract – will only sell if there is evidence of prior experience in a given technology field. Publishing papers helps establish a technical reputation and adds credibility to commercial bids.  

An important function of technical conferences is to enable the exchange of information and knowledge; usually a piece of work that is new and/or original. Examples of new work might include simulation or measurement techniques, measurement results or theories. Even if you don’t get to publish papers, attending a conference keeps you informed of current ‘hot’ technology areas and forms an important part of self-training. Where else do you find a gathering of world’s experts from whom you can learn?

Large conferences typically have multiple sessions running in parallel, so it’s impossible to attend all talks. I try to attend as many presentations as I can during the day. Some sessions are directly related to my current work but others are not; I might want to learn about a new technology area or increase my understanding of another and some talks have curious titles that draw my attention and make me want to find out more.

The presentations – including chats with speakers – are a valuable source of knowledge and understanding. I’ve returned to the office armed with ideas that have fed into designs or been investigated further. Some information provides a steer for sales and marketing. Other nuggets lie dormant to germinate at a later stage, some months or years later.

My interests cover antennas and propagation from HF (2–30 MHz) through to mm-wave frequencies, so the San Diego conference provided a rich feasting ground. For me, conferences are more beneficial than training courses. It provides an opportunity for me to recalibrate myself; to reaffirm strengths but also identify new skills and technologies to develop further.

The week in San Diego was intense. I put in long hours, listened to many talks and met lots of people. It was exciting and fun and I learned a lot. No wonder I was buzzing on my return to the office!



Image credit: IEEE Event photo: Regala Studio

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During the summer, I went away on a trip to the USA and came back buzzing. My week away from the office was intense and it was a great experience but I wasn’t on holiday. This was work!

I’d flown to San Diego in order to attend this year’s IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (pictured above) and my reason for being there was to present two technical papers that I’d written and submitted about nine months earlier. After 5,478 miles and about eleven and a half hours flying time, I was ready to deliver my two ‘babies’ to the antennas and propagation community and hopefully make a small contribution to the ‘book of knowledge’.

You don’t have to write technical papers to attend conferences. There are a number of good reasons to participate including networking, sales and marketing and even self-training. The social events can be fun as well – imagine a dessert reception on the flight deck of an aircraft carrier and throw in some fireworks too!

Attending a conference can be a daunting experience, especially if it’s your first time and perhaps more so if it’s a large event. The IEEE Antennas and Propagation Symposium typically attracts about 1,500 people from around the world. Attendees come from academia and industry; they might be young Ph.D. students, established university professors or professional engineers – a variety of people at different stages of their career.

At my first-ever symposium, I only knew one person to say hello to. The big names in the crowd were obvious – keeping up-to-date by reading technical articles and engineering books makes you aware of the ‘movers and shakers’ in your subject field – but I felt like a little fish in a vast ocean. I could have been the wallflower at the party but I made the conscious decision to talk to people and come back with a stack of business cards. Evidence to show my MD that I had been busy and maybe justification for him to sign off my expenses bill on my return to the office.

Conferences are great networking events. You get to meet people; some have familiar faces and others are new. These new contacts might lead on to future activities; for example, new research topics to explore, academic and/or business collaborations or an important sale or purchase. These activities might be fairly immediate but more often than not they occur in slow time. It’s an investment for the future.

At the end of my first symposium, my one contact had become many. I had been introduced to new people but I also made the effort to approach others. I had technical and/or business-related questions to ask and the coffee and lunch breaks at conferences allow discussions in more relaxed settings. It can be nerve-wracking to ask a question in front of a large audience and a one-to-one chat can be much more fruitful.

The main purpose of my trip to San Diego was to present two technical papers. The first was given in a twenty-minute slot, which included time for questions. I always get butterflies before a talk, so I practice beforehand until I feel comfortable with my words – I liken it to rehearsing for a school play. Awkward questions can be the stuff of nightmares for a speaker, so I try to critique my own presentation from the viewer’s perspective and imagine what questions they might have. On the day, it can help to have some quiet time to relax and water close by can soothe the dry throat should it appear during the talk.

So why would anyone voluntarily put themselves in this stressful position? If the talk is well-delivered and more so if it is well-received by the audience, there can be an immense adrenaline rush. People approach you after the talk – more networking and new contacts. Feedback can be beneficial; both positive and negative with the latter hopefully given in a constructive manner from which you can develop.

If the thought of talking in front of a technical audience is terrifying – my first-ever antennas and propagation talk was at a session with standing-room only – then a poster presentation might be more comfortable. Discussions in front of your poster are usually led by the interests of the visitor but the subsequent one-to-one interactions can be very informative for both parties. My second paper in San Diego was given as a poster presentation and I really enjoyed the experience. You can also find a few more of my papers in the Antennas & Propagation segment of this website.

Presenting at a conference can generate publicity for you and your company. It can raise the profile of your organisation and its capabilities become more visible to the outside world. As a consequence the sales process benefits. Frequently, a job – or research contract – will only sell if there is evidence of prior experience in a given technology field. Publishing papers helps establish a technical reputation and adds credibility to commercial bids.

An important function of technical conferences is to enable the exchange of information and knowledge; usually a piece of work that is new and/or original. Examples of new work might include simulation or measurement techniques, measurement results or theories. Even if you don’t get to publish papers, attending a conference keeps you informed of current ‘hot’ technology areas and forms an important part of self-training. Where else do you find a gathering of world’s experts from whom you can learn?

Large conferences typically have multiple sessions running in parallel, so it’s impossible to attend all talks. I try to attend as many presentations as I can during the day. Some sessions are directly related to my current work but others are not; I might want to learn about a new technology area or increase my understanding of another and some talks have curious titles that draw my attention and make me want to find out more.

The presentations – including chats with speakers – are a valuable source of knowledge and understanding. I’ve returned to the office armed with ideas that have fed into designs or been investigated further. Some information provides a steer for sales and marketing. Other nuggets lie dormant to germinate at a later stage, some months or years later.

My interests cover antennas and propagation from HF (2–30 MHz) through to mm-wave frequencies, so the San Diego conference provided a rich feasting ground. For me, conferences are more beneficial than training courses. It provides an opportunity for me to recalibrate myself; to reaffirm strengths but also identify new skills and technologies to develop further.

The week in San Diego was intense. I put in long hours, listened to many talks and met lots of people. It was exciting and fun and I learned a lot. No wonder I was buzzing on my return to the office!



Image credit: IEEE Event photo: Regala Studio

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Plextek presents two technical papers to the world’s leading experts on Antennas and Propagation at the IEEE International Symposium in July.

Cambridge, UK – 21st June 2017 – Design and innovation consultancy, Plextek will be presenting two technical papers at this year’s IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting in San Diego.

Widely recognised as a premier international forum, the world’s leading experts in antennas and propagation from academia, industry, and government will be there to discuss ideas on cutting-edge research and topics.

The week-long event will host a plethora of technical, education and social activities covering different specialist areas on antennas, propagation, electromagnetic engineering, and radio science.

Dr. Marcus Walden, Technical Lead in Antennas and Propagation commented:

“The Antennas and Propagation Symposium is a great forum to meet and network with people at the forefront of their technology areas, to exchange ideas and learn about cutting-edge topics. Antennas and propagation are integral to all radar and communications systems and, therefore, participation at events like this benefits the Plextek engineering design process. The knowledge gained from previous events has fed directly into Plextek system designs, including those for radar, smart-meter reading, and vehicle-telemetry amongst others. I’m really pleased to be able to present and share ideas with other industry thought leaders at such a prestigious event.”

The event will be held at the Manchester Grand Hyatt in San Diego, California and takes place from Sunday 9th of July to Friday 14th of July.

Dr. Marcus Walden will be delivering a 20 min presentation titled, “Antenna G/T Degradation with Inefficient Receive Antennas at HF (2-30 MHz)” as part of the session on Electronically Small Antenna Characteristics on Wednesday 12th of July.

Marcus will also participate in a two-hour interactive forum, where he will present his paper “A Frequency-Scanning Substrate-Integrated-Waveguide Meanderline Antenna for Radar Applications at 60 GHz” in the session on 60 GHz Radars and Communications on Thursday 13th of July.

For more information about our work on Antennas and Propagation, please visit our Antennas & Propagation page.

Notes to editors

Based near Cambridge, UK, Plextek designs new products, systems, and services for its clients in a diverse range of industries including defence & security, medical & healthcare, and wireless communications.

Central to its culture is the company’s ability to innovate, taking an idea from concept to market. For more than 25 years, our team of consultants, engineers and project managers has turned our clients’ business opportunities into commercial success, designing, manufacturing and supplying leading-edge products. Supported by our network of suppliers, commercial partners and research organisations, Plextek is the trusted partner of choice for more than 300 commercial clients, government agencies, and ambitious start-up companies.

For images, information or interview requests, please contact: Adam Roberts via email: press@plextek.com or call: 01799 533200